|ROUTE: Khiva-> Jampik Kala -> Gyaur Kala -> Chilpik Kala -> Nukus|
|DAYTRIP DETAILS: Daytrip Duration is 7-9 hours; Driving time is 4-5 hours; Driving Distance is 265 km.|
|INCLUDED: Brand new cars, fuel and a good driver with basic English & Russian|
|EXCLUDED: Entrance tickets of the sites, meals and etc.|
We pick you up from Airport / Train Station or your hotel both in Khiva or Urgench and start the Daytrip. You can start the Daytrip at any time of the day. It is recommended to start the trip in the morning after breakfast. It takes about two hour to drive from Khiva to the first fortress.
First fortress is Jampik Kala. The earliest foundations are ancient (4th BCE - 1st CE) but the walls visible today date to the medieval period, in the 9th to 10th centuries CE. There are domestic and industrial areas within the fortress which date to the 12th to 14th centuries CE. On the Northwest side of the fortress is a palace building or citadel with walls that preserve the elegant fluted facade moldings indicative of medieval architecture in Khorezm (V.N.Yagodin & A.V.G.Betts (2006) Ancient Khorezm, UNESCO).
The second fortress Gyaur Kala - was founded in the Early Antique period and continued in use until the 4th Century CE. Today all that can be seen of the fortress is the north wall and a short section of the western one. The fortress originally had a trapezoidal plan, with typical Khorezmian double walls and double stores archer's galleries, towers, and arrow slits. Only base of the eastern wall remains, while the southern side has disappeared completely, washed away by the river. The northern wall is about 200 meters long while the east and west walls were once over 400 meters long. Gyaur Kala remained in use into the Kushan period, around the 3rd century CE.
Third and the last fortress is Chilpik Kala. It is a Dakhma or Tower of Silence which was used by people of the Zoroastrian faith for exposure of the dead. The bodies were laid out under the open sky for the birds to eat. When the bones were cleared, families collected them and placed them in clay or stone ossuaries for burial. The building was originally constructed in the first centuries CE but saw a phase of rebuilding in the 7th - 8th centuries and again in the 9th - 10th centuries.
After visiting all three fortresses, it is about 60 minutes to drive from Chilpik Kala to Nukus. Our driver may drop you off in Nukus Airport / Train Station or in your hotel on Nukus and end the trip.