Discover 2000 years old Ancient Khorezm Fortresses on the way to Bukhara!

ROUTE:     Bukhara -> Guldursun Kala -> Dumon Kala -> Ayaz Kala -> Toprak Kala -> Kizil Kala -> Khiva
DAYTRIP DETAILS:     Daytrip Duration is 8-10 hours;     Driving time is 6-7 hours;     Driving Distance is 640km.
INCLUDED:     Brand new cars, fuel and a good driver with basic English & Russian   
EXCLUDED:     Entrance tickets of the sites, meals and etc.

We pick you up from your place in Bukhara with our driver and start the Daytrip. You can start the Daytrip at any time of the day. It is recommended to start the daytrip in the morning around 9 am after breakfast. It takes about 4-5 hours to drive from Bukhara to the first Castle – Guldursun Kala.

1. Guldursun Kala is a fortified town. The exterior walls and towers date to the 12th century CE. Much ancient and medieval pottery and many bronze items and coins were found within the site during archaeological excavations. The coins indicate that the last period of occupation is related to the year 1220, during the rule of Muhammad Khorezmshah and the time of the Mongol invasion of Khorezm.

2. Dumon Kala. It has an unusual shape. It is composed of three adjacent sections – a square-shaped western enclosure with corner towers; a smaller square-shaped citadel on the eastern side; and an irregular four-sided northern enclosure, the remains of which can no longer been seen.

3. Ayaz Kala is the one of the most spectacular fortresses in the area. There are in fact, not one but three fortresses clustered together on and around a prominent hill at the Eastern end of the Sultan-Uiz-dahg range. The fortress provided defense against nomad raids. A gravel road leads up to a small cluster of Yurts, a tourist rest center overlooking a shallow but picturesque lake. The Fort dates to medieval times. It was probable founded in the Afrighid period, some-time around the 7th to 8th Centuries CE…

4. Toprak Kala. It is dated in the Kushan period, around the 2nd and 3rd centuries CE and was the royal residence of the kings of the Khorezm. The place at the North West corner of the settlement is one of the largest and best preserved monumental buildings of the Kushan era in Central Asia. The place, having first served as a Royal sanctuary, was briefly abandoned in the early 4th century and then after some restorations, was used as an administrative citadel for the city.

5. Kizil Kala is the last fortress to visit. It was originally constructed in the Late Antique period, 1st to 4th centuries CE, but was abandoned and then rebuilt in the 12th-13th centuries on the eve of the Mongol invasions. There is some debate about how this fortress may have been used in ancient times, with some scholars proposing that it was a garrison barracks for troops, whilst others suggest it was an early example of the many fortified manor houses that were typical of Khorezm in the early medieval periods.

After visiting all fortresses it is about 90 minutes to drive from Kizil Kala to Khiva. Our driver will drop you off in your hotel, airport or train station and will end the trip.

Photos of the Daytrip "BUKHARA → FIVE CASTLES → KHIVA"

Price of the Daytrip "BUKHARA → FIVE CASTLES → KHIVA"


For a Sedan type of car


1-3 Passengers with 1-3 Luggages


For an SUV (Chevrolet Captiva)


1-4 Passengers with 1-4 Luggages


For a Minivan (Hyundai Starex, Hyundai H-1)


1-7 Passengers with 1-7 Luggages


For a Minibus (Toyota Hiace, Foton View)


1-12 Passengers with 1-12 Luggages


For a Bus (Yutong, Foton)


1-45 Passengers with 1-45 Luggages


Khiva, Zargarlar 60, 
Postal code 220900
Krorezm Region, Uzbekistan

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